This site, which brings together nearly 400 species of flowering plants, allows visitors to see the extent of plant biodiversity, mainly indigenous, in one place, and to learn about modern plant classification.
he plants are arranged according to phylogenetic logic over an area of about 3,000 m2. The botanical garden’s path reproduces the evolutionary path of flowering plants, while adding a landscape and recreational dimension. An ever-evolving environment, thanks to the continuous introduction and development of herbaceous and woody species, the Botanical Garden is a key site for the botany courses given at Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech ULiège by Prof. Patrick du Jardin, and more particularly the systematic botany course for future bioengineers.
On a dedicated Facebook page (in French) columns are published on a regular basis for students or any botany lovers. Written by Prof. du Jardin, these articles are a field of observations at the rhythm of the seasons.
Some native plants to discover at the Botanical Garden
- Messicolous plants (poppy, cornflower, matricaria and corn-cockle). These annual species have long accompanied our cereal crops, but their numbers have declined as a result of the mechanisation and industrialisation of agriculture since the last century. However, messicolous plants are valuable because of their contribution to the functioning of agro-ecosystems (indirect participation in the pollination of cultivated plants, control of crop pests, food resources and habitats for birds, etc.).
- So-called "aromatic" plants, belonging mainly to three botanical families: Alliaceae (garlic, chives, onions, etc., all recently reclassified in the Amaryllidaceae family), Apiaceae (chervil, fennel, parsley, etc.) and Lamiaceae (mint, oregano, thyme, etc.). These plants are used in cooking as spices, aromatics or condiments, as well as for phytotherapy, cosmetics and for the essential oils they contain.
- Shrubs from our regions (hornbeam, hawthorn, viburnum, holly, male dogwood, European spindle) spontaneously grown or planted in mixed hedges in the bocage landscape. These species are interesting for several reasons: for biodiversity, by serving as a refuge for wildlife, for soil fixation, by reducing soil erosion, for the regeneration of humus, for the windbreak effect, and as shelter for livestock.